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What foods to avoid during pregnancy?
The article on the pregnancy due date calculator was written by Olga Davidson - a trainee in a midwifery course, a licensed nurse, a doula, and a certified birth preparation instructor.
Pregnancy is not a disease, but you should know that during pregnancy the woman is much more vulnerable and sensitive in terms of foods that she puts in her mouth. Food poisoning can be an unpleasant experience for any person at all, but for a pregnant woman, it can be extremely dangerous and even fatal to the fetus. Many women are unaware that during pregnancy a woman's immune system goes down and therefore is much more vulnerable and can catch infections and food poisoning more easily. In addition, there are foods that can impair the normal development of the fetus and its body systems, therefore should be avoided or reduced.
Below is a list of foods to avoid during pregnancy (to know at what stage of pregnancy you are - use the pregnancy due date calculator - click here.)
- As a rule, raw or uncooked products should be avoided. Some bacteria are destroyed only at a high temperature, so during pregnancy, it is very important to eat only foods that have been cooked at high heat. So what foods can be encountered with these bacteria?
- Listeria - a bacterium that can cause miscarriages and premature births. The bacterium is found in raw or undercooked meats and fish. It may also be present in unpasteurized dairy products. (Example: carpaccio, sushi, sausages, etc.).
- Toxoplasma - a bacterium that can cause miscarriages and malformations in the fetus. This bacterium can also appear in raw or undercooked meats and fish, in addition to fruits and vegetables that have not been washed properly before consumption.
- Salmonella -A bacterium that can cause vomiting and diarrhea that can lead to dehydration and premature contractions. Appears mainly in eggs and foods of animal origin that have not been cooked properly. (This includes homemade sauces that contain fresh eggs.)
- Escherichia coli - a bacterium that can cause fetal illness as well as maternal illness. E. coli May be found in unpasteurized juices, uncooked sprouts, and non-homemade salads, especially those we do not know how long they have been outside and how well they have preserved. (Example: any industrial salad.)
Alcohol - passes through the placenta and reaches the fetus directly. Since it is currently not possible to estimate the amount of alcohol that will not harm the fetus, Health organizations recommend avoiding completely consuming alcohol during pregnancy (to know at what stage of pregnancy you are - use the pregnancy due date calculator - click here.)
- Avoid eating fish that may contain mercury liquid metal including: mackerel, swordfish, steak tuna, and white tuna. High levels of mercury can damage the fetus's nervous system. On the other hand, it is possible and desirable to eat from the selection of other fish found in the country, including pond fish and light tuna from canned food.
During pregnancy, there are foods that should not be avoided but should be reduced in consumption, including:
- Caffeine - it passes to the fetus through the placenta, and the fetus has no ability to digest it. Consuming a large amount of caffeine can cause miscarriages, premature birth, and low birth weight (to check an estimated date of birth click here to use the pregnancy due date calculator). It is not necessary to avoid caffeine, but it is permissible to drink between 1-2 cups of coffee a day. Keep in mind that caffeine is also found in tea, Coca-Cola, energy drinks, chocolate, and more.
- Salt and monosodium glutamate - Excessive salt intake can cause high blood pressure that can cause various problems during pregnancy. Monosodium glutamate appears in soup powders, various sauces such as soy sauce, and more.
- The use of artificial sweeteners should be reduced.
- Reduce consuming products with high sugar and fat rate as well as reducing the consumption of sweets.
Sometimes it seems that there are many restrictions during pregnancy, but keep in mind that this is a short period of 9 months in total and that it is always better to be careful than sorry.
To calculate your pregnancy process, you are welcome to use the pregnancy due date calculator and find out how many weeks of pregnancy have passed or remained and the estimated date of birth. Click here to use the pregnancy due date calculator.